Gaetano Dammacco – University of Bari Aldo Moro, Viale de Laurentis 17, Bari, Italy



 6th International Conference – ERAZ 2020 – KNOWLEDGE BASED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT,  Online/virtual, May 21, 2020, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

 Published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – Belgrade, Serbia

Conference partners: Faculty of Economics and Business, Mediterranean University, Montenegro; University of National and World Economy – Sofia, Bulgaria; Faculty of Commercial and Business Studies – Celje, Slovenia; Faculty of Applied Management, Economics and Finance – Belgrade, Serbia

ISSN 2683-5568, ISBN 978-86-80194-33-2, DOI:



The current pandemic has created new scenarios and problems regarding religious freedom.                                                                                        To combat the spread of the coronavirus, governments have ordered social distance and total
closure of numerous activities including the celebration of sacred rites without consulting religious
authorities. Religions have accepted the restrictions with a sense of responsibility, but the sacrifice of
religious freedom for the faithful has been great. In addition, the effects of the pandemic together with
the negative effects of globalization will continue over time, generating economic and social damage. In
addition to prayer, religions have invited the faithful to a social commitment to reduce the critical issues
of the crisis and specially to combat poverty. It is therefore necessary to analyze some topics: critical
issues relating to the limitation of the right to religious freedom; what problems arise in the relations
between powers (civil and religious); what problems arise in relations between state and religions; how
the constitutional rights of the faithful and citizens are protected; what are the legal problems internal
to the different religions, considering that the judgment on the validity of online rites is different; what
is the role of religions in the face of the economic crisis. For the first time since the beginning of the
human rights era, there has been a serious conflict between human rights, especially for the greater
protection given to the right to health. The right to religious freedom also suffered, but it must be                                                                            considered that the protection of the right to religious freedom also contributes to the recovery of a „good”
economy, which can counteract the negative effects of the pandemic and globalization. We must build a
personalist humanism, which the alliance between religions can promote. A humanism that respects the
rights and dignity of man, against the logic of profit, and that rewrites the ethical rules of the economy.
Looking at the post-pandemic, religions can be the soul of the ethical and moral rules that must guide
the „good economy” in society to overcome social and economic differences

Key words

Religious freedom, Economic crisis, Religion’s role, New humanism


The New York Time,

L. (2020), “La prima vittima del coronavirus è l’economia italiana”, The Vision,

According Waldron, Jeremy (1989), “Rights in Conflict”, Ethics, Vol. 99, No. 3, pp. 503-519, Published by:
The University of Chicago Press,, Page Count: 17

Paredes, N. (2020 4 april), Coronavirus en Hungría | „La primera democracia europea que cae a causa
del coronavirus: cómo la crisis del covid-19 ha puesto en juego el sistema democrático húngaro”, BBC
News Mundo,; Editorial Board (2020 april
25), “L’autoritarismo al tempo del Covid”, Il Foglio

According Cardini, F.(2020, avril 7), Pandemia figlia della globalizzazione”, AdnKronos, https://www. (“Globalization has speeded up news but also any other type of communication”)

Turner, A. (2020), Between Debt and the Devil Money, Credit, and Fixing Global Finance, Princeton University Press.

Dammacco, G. (2010), “La politica delle religioni: la libertà religiosa tra persona e stato”, in More Authors,
Oltre i confini. Religiose e società nell’Europa contemporanea,( pp. 231-262), Bari (Italy), Cacucci Editore.

Santoro, R. (2010), “La politica dei concordati e il dialogo tra chiesa e società”, in More Authors, Oltre i
confini. Religiose e società nell’Europa contemporanea,( pp. 155-176), Bari (Italy), Cacucci Editore.

OECD Interim Economic Assessment (2020, 2 march), Coronavirus: The world economy at risk, https://

Human fraternity for world peace and living together (2019), the document is available in
content/francesco/en/travels/2019/outside/documents/papa-francesco_20190204_documento-fratellanza-umana.html; Tornielli, A (2019), “Pope and the Grand Imam: Historic declaration of peace, freedom, women’s rights”, Vatican News,

In AsiaNews,

The full text in

According to the perspective of Cardini, F. (2020), Dopo l’Apocalisse. Ipotesi per una rinascita, Edizioni La vela.

According to what Pope Benedict XVI wrote in the 2009 encyclical Caritas in veritate, in continuity with
the teaching of John Paul II in the 1998 encyclical Fides et ratio. Pope Francis is on this same path in the
Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii gaudium of 2013 and in the social encyclical Laudato Sì of 2015, which
concerns the care of the common home.