Marko Slavković – Faculty of Economics, University of Kragujevac, Djure Pucara Starog 3, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
Marijana Simić – Faculty of Economics, University of Kragujevac, Djure Pucara Starog 3, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia


5th International Conference – ERAZ 2019 – KNOWLEDGE BASED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Budapest – Hungary, May 23, 2019, SELECTED PAPERS

Published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – Belgrade, Serbia
Conference partners: Faculty of Economics and Business, Mediterranean University, Montenegro; University of National and World Economy – Sofia, Bulgaria; Faculty of Commercial and Business Studies – Celje, Slovenia; Faculty of Applied Management, Economics and Finance – Belgrade, Serbia;

ISBN 978-86-80194-21-9, ISSN 2683-5568, DOI:


Digital era changes the assumption for business success forces of production firms and
transform their technological base. Success of this type of project depends on different factors related
to internal organization, stakeholders and digital competencies. The purpose of this article is to compare
the relevance of these factors for project management success. The goal is to identify the importance
of employees’ digital competences in technological changes. The results obtained in the original
research can be a useful guide for managers to focus their efforts on factors that can ensure superior
performance of a particular project.

Key words

project management, digital competences, digitalization, technology change.


[1] Schallmo, D., Williams, C. A., & Boardman, L. (2017). Digital transformation of business
models—Best practice, enablers, and roadmap. International Journal of Innovation Management,
21(08), 1740014.
[2] Butschan, J., Heidenreich, S., Weber, B., & Kraemer, T. (2019). Tackling hurdles to digital
transformation—The role of competencies for successful industrial internet of things
(IIoT) implementation. International Journal of Innovation Management, 23(04), 1950036
[3] Demir, O. (2019). Digital Skills, Organizational Behavior and Transformation of Human
Resources: A Review. Ecoforum Journal, 8(1).
[4] Laudien, S. M., & Daxböck, B. (2016). The influence of the industrial internet of things on
business model design: A qualitative-empirical analysis. International Journal of Innovation
Management, 20(08), 1640014.
[5] Turovets, Y., Vishnevskiy, K., Tokareva, M., & Kukushkin, K. (2019). Technology foresight
for digital manufacturing: Russian case. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science
and Engineering (Vol. 497, No. 1, p. 012062). IOP Publishing.
[6] Delery, J. E., & Doty, D. H. (1996). Modes of theorizing in strategic human resource
management: Tests of universalistic, contingency, and configurational performance predictions.
Academy of management Journal, 39(4), 802-835.
[7] Belout, A., & Gauvreau, C. (2004). Factors influencing project success: the impact of human
resource management. International journal of project management, 22(1), 1-11
[8] McCollum, J. K., & Sherman, J. D. (1991). The effects of matrix organization size and
number of project assignments on performance. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management,
38(1), 75-78.
[9] Achanga, P., Shehab, E., Roy, R., & Nelder, G. (2006). Critical success factors for lean
implementation within SMEs. Journal of manufacturing technology management, 17(4),
[10] McDermott, C. M., & Stock, G. N. (1999). Organizational culture and advanced manufacturing
technology implementation. Journal of Operations Management, 17(5), 521-533.
[11] Parthasarthy, R., & Sethi, S. P. (1992). The impact of flexible automation on business strategy
and organizational structure. Academy of Management review, 17(1), 86-111.
[12] Zammuto, R. F., & O’Connor, E. J. (1992). Gaining advanced manufacturing technologies’
benefits: The roles of organization design and culture. Academy of Management Review,
17(4), 701-728.
[13] Pacagnella Jr, A. C., da Silva, S. L., Pacífico, O., de Arruda Ignacio, P. S., & da Silva, A.
L. (2019). Critical Success Factors for Project Manufacturing Environments. Project Management
Journal, 50(2), 243-258.
[14] Whyte, J., Stasis, A., & Lindkvist, C. (2016). Managing change in the delivery of complex
projects: Configuration management, asset information and ‘big data’. International Journal
of Project Management, 34(2), 339-351.
[15] Zhong, R. Y., Xu, X., Klotz, E., & Newman, S. T. (2017). Intelligent manufacturing in the
context of industry 4.0: a review. Engineering, 3(5), 616-630.

[16] Van Laar, E., van Deursen, A. J., van Dijk, J. A., & de Haan, J. (2017). The relation between
21st-century skills and digital skills: A systematic literature review. Computers in
human behavior, 72, 577-588.
[17] Westkämper, E. (2007). Digital Manufacturing in the global Era. In Digital Enterprise
Technology (pp. 3-14). Springer, Boston, MA.
[18] Satoglu, S., Ustundag, A., Cevikcan, E., & Durmusoglu, M. B. (2018). Lean Transformation
Integrated with Industry 4.0 Implementation Methodology. In Industrial Engineering
in the Industry 4.0 Era (pp. 97-107). Springer, Cham.
[19] Gemünden, H. G. (2015). Success factors of global new product development programs,
the definition of project success, knowledge sharing, and special issues of project management
journal®. Project management journal, 46(1), 2-11.
[20] Geoghegan, L., & Dulewicz, V. (2008). Do project managers’ leadership competencies
contribute to project success?. Project Management Journal, 39(4), 58-67.
[21] Denison, D. R., & Mishra, A. K. (1995). Toward a theory of organizational culture and
effectiveness. Organization science, 6(2), 204-223.
[22] Leonard-Barton, D., & Sinha, D. K. (1993). Developer-user interaction and user satisfaction
in internal technology transfer. Academy of Management Journal, 36(5), 1125–1139.
[23] Creasy, T., & Anantatmula, V. S. (2013). From every direction—how personality traits and
dimensions of project managers can conceptually affect project success. Project Management
Journal, 44(6), 36-51.
[24] Jugdev, K., & Müller, R. (2005). A retrospective look at our evolving understanding of
project success. Project management journal, 36(4), 19-31.
[25] Schoenherr, T., & Swink, M. (2012). Revisiting the arcs of integration: Cross-validations
and extensions. Journal of Operations Management, 30(1-2), 99-115.
[26] Horn, P., Scheffler, P., & Schiele, H. (2014). Internal integration as a pre-condition for external
integration in global sourcing: A social capital perspective. International Journal of
Production Economics, 153, 54-65.
[27] Luzon, B., & El-Sayegh, S. M. (2016). Evaluating supplier selection criteria for oil and gas
projects in the UAE using AHP and Delphi. International Journal of Construction Management,
16(2), 175-183.
[28] Bubshait, A. A. (2003). Incentive/disincentive contracts and its effects on industrial projects.
International Journal of Project Management, 21(1), 63-70.
[29] Meng, X., & Gallagher, B. (2012). The impact of incentive mechanisms on project performance.
International Journal of Project Management, 30(3), 352-362.
[30] Ribeiro, P., Paiva, A., Varajão, J., & Dominguez, C. (2013). Success evaluation factors in
construction project management—some evidence from medium and large Portuguese
companies. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 17(4), 603-609.
[31] Abstein, A., Heidenreich, S., & Spieth, P. (2014). Innovative work behaviour: The impact
of comprehensive HR system perceptions and the role of work–life conflict. Industry and
Innovation, 21(2), 91-116.
[32] Chryssolouris, G., Mavrikios, D., & Mourtzis, D. (2013). Manufacturing systems: skills &
competencies for the future. Procedia CIRp, 7, 17-24.
[33] Sousa, M. J., & Rocha, Á. (2019). Skills for disruptive digital business. Journal of Business
Research, 94, 257-263.
[34] Sousa, M. J., & Wilks, D. (2018). Sustainable skills for the world of work in the digital
age. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 35(4), 399-405.
[35] Ilomäki, L., Kantosalo, A., & Lakkala, M. (2011). What is digital competence?. Linked
[36] Ferrari, A. (2012). Digital competence in practice: An analysis of frameworks.

[37] Schwuchow, K & J Gutmann (2015). Personalentwicklung 2016 Themen, Trends, Best
Practices. (1). Freiburg im Breisgau: Haufe-Lexware.
[38] Falk, M., & Biagi, F. (2017). Relative demand for highly skilled workers and use of different
ICT technologies. Applied Economics, 49(9), 903-914.
[39] Mallery, P., & George, D. (2003). SPSS for Windows step by step: a simple guide and reference.
Allyn, Bacon, Boston.