Hristina Oreshkova – University of National and World Economy Sofia, Faculty of Finance and Accounting, Blvd. „8-mi Dekemvri“, 1700 Studentski Kompleks, Sofia, Bulgaria

Keywords:                       Sustainability;
Sustainable development;
Corporate reporting and
Climate-related disclosure;
European Union Corporate
Sustainability Reporting


Abstract: Over the last few decades, significant progress has been made in the development of a global baseline for corporate sustainability reporting and disclosure, including a focus on climate change issues. However, the au­thor’s main concern, and the argument at the heart of the paper, is that the observed proliferation of frameworks focused on sustainability and sustain­able development may compromise the comparability of disclosed informa­tion, thereby reducing its usefulness and even confusing stakeholders. The author argues that humanity urgently needs to do much more. Based on the author’s research, observations and reflections from discussions with lead­ing practitioners and experts, it is suggested that the transparency, consisten­cy and relevance of corporate policies and activities and information on sus­tainability and climate-related issues, whether provided through voluntary or mandatory reporting and disclosure, are not of sufficient quality to ade­quately address and respond to the unique challenges facing humanity due to climate change.

Sustainability disclosure has become an important part of the corporate re­porting process, with climate-related information being a key component. The author’s thesis is that the trustworthiness, transparency and relevance of climate-related disclosures have proven to be of great importance in achiev­ing disclosure effectiveness and usefulness for interested parties – potential and current investors, creditors, lenders, employees and all members of so­ciety and the European Union community. The author aims to highlight, dis­cuss and justify the need for a global framework and coherent standards to support meaningful and consistent disclosure of climate-related matters, risks and opportunities. It will be a prerequisite for improving the transparen­cy and quality of climate-related information and data and will support ap­propriate decision-making in the management of climate-related risks. The author considers it to be an essential part of the governance, process and sys­tem of corporate governance reporting.

The author’s paper aims to highlight and discuss the considerations, crit­icisms and concerns of researchers, professionals and experts on the issues discussed, to outline perspectives for future research and to emphasize that benefits for all members of society, sustainability and sustainable develop­ment and the future are highly probable and can therefore be expected. The development of international standards for climate-related disclosure should be seen as the most important part of establishing a global regulatory frame­work for corporate sustainability reporting at the international level. The re­search methods used by the author are analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, descriptive approach, comparison, analogy and observation, as well as a thorough study of many recent academic research and normative sources on the subject.

9th International Scientific ERAZ Conference – ERAZ 2023 – Selected Papers: KNOWLEDGE BASED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, hybrid – online, virtually and in person, Prague, Czech Republic, June 1, 2023

ERAZ Selected Papers published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – Belgrade, Serbia

ERAZ conference partners: Faculty of Logistics, University of Maribor, Maribor (Slovenia); University of National and World Economy – UNWE, Sofia (Bulgaria); Center for Political Research and Documentation (KEPET), Research Laboratory of the Department of Political Science of University of Crete (Greece); Institute of Public Finance – Zagreb (Croatia); Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Ohrid, University of St. Kliment Ohridski from Bitola (North Macedonia)

ERAZ Conference 2023 Selected Papers: ISBN 978-86-80194-73-8, ISSN 2683-5568, DOI:

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission. 

Suggested citation

Oreshkova, H. (2023). European Directives and Principal International Frameworks for Corporate Sustainability and Climate Change Reporting: Responding to the Challenges Facing Our Planet. In V. Bevanda (Ed.), ERAZ Conference – Knowlegde Based Sustainable Development: Vol 9. Selected Papers (pp. 83-92). Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans.


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