Kristina Petrova-Hristova – Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of Geology and Geography, Socio-economic geography department, Tzar Osvoboditel 15, Sofia, Bulgaria

Keywords:                  Migrations;
Demographic situation;
Natural increase;


Abstract: The migration of the population is a very important element of demographic development. The current demographic situation in the Re­public of Bulgaria is very difficult, migration processes are taking on increas­ingly serious dimensions. After the democratic changes in 1989, now more than thirty years, the demographic processes have a negative sign – nega­tive natural increase, negative migration balance, strong aging of the pop­ulation, and deterioration of the age structure, which leads to a permanent decrease of the population. There are different reasons – military, political, economic, and climatic problems led to increased refugee flows passing through the territory of the country, which further complicate the socio-eco­nomic situation. The employees of the security sector in the Ministry of Inter­nal Affairs are facing huge refugee pressure. Their preparation and actions are extremely important for dealing with any problems that may arise on the territory of the country.

9th International Scientific ERAZ Conference – ERAZ 2023 – Conference Proceedings: KNOWLEDGE BASED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, hybrid – online, virtually and in person, Prague, Czech Republic, June 1, 2023

ERAZ Conference Proceedings published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – Belgrade, Serbia

ERAZ conference partners: Faculty of Logistics, University of Maribor, Maribor (Slovenia); University of National and World Economy – UNWE, Sofia (Bulgaria); Center for Political Research and Documentation (KEPET), Research Laboratory of the Department of Political Science of University of Crete (Greece); Institute of Public Finance – Zagreb (Croatia); Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Ohrid, University of St. Kliment Ohridski from Bitola (North Macedonia)

ERAZ Conference 2023 Conference Proceedings: ISBN 978-86-80194-72-1, ISSN 2683-5568, DOI:

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission. 

Suggested citation

Petrova-Hristova, K. (2023). Migration Movement of the Bulgarian Population and Socio-Economic Effects under the Pressure of an Increased Refugee Flow. In V. Bevanda (Ed.), ERAZ Conference – Knowlegde Based Sustainable Development: Vol 9. Conference Proceedings (pp. 411-416). Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans.


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