Azam Korbayram – International Vision University, Str. Major C. Filiposki No.1, Gostivar – North Macedonia

Elif Hoca – International Vision University, Str. Major C. Filiposki No.1, Gostivar – North Macedonia

Keywords:                   United Nations;
Collective security;


Abstract: After the catastrophic and devastating consequences of World War II, which shook the whole world, the UN was established, one of the main goals of which was to establish the legal framework of the basic prin­ciples for the use of military force and military intervention. Namely, for the preservation of collective security, the Charter of the organization itself and numerous conventions strictly prohibit war and the use of force between the subjects of international law. In that context, various steps have been taken and binding prohibitions on the use of force have been introduced. The mo­tive of the research consists of the introduced mechanisms for the preserva­tion of collective security. Namely, the paper tries to analyze the legal frame­work of the concepts of military power and soft power. The paper tries to in­vestigate (the differences between) the concepts of power, conflict, military power and soft power with their methods and mechanisms provided by in­ternational law.

9th International Scientific ERAZ Conference – ERAZ 2023 – Conference Proceedings: KNOWLEDGE BASED SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, hybrid – online, virtually and in person, Prague, Czech Republic, June 1, 2023

ERAZ Conference Proceedings published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans – Belgrade, Serbia

ERAZ conference partners: Faculty of Logistics, University of Maribor, Maribor (Slovenia); University of National and World Economy – UNWE, Sofia (Bulgaria); Center for Political Research and Documentation (KEPET), Research Laboratory of the Department of Political Science of University of Crete (Greece); Institute of Public Finance – Zagreb (Croatia); Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Ohrid, University of St. Kliment Ohridski from Bitola (North Macedonia)

ERAZ Conference 2023 Conference Proceedings: ISBN 978-86-80194-72-1, ISSN 2683-5568, DOI:

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission. 

Suggested citation

Korbayram, A., & Hoca, E. (2023). The Methods of Hard Power and Soft Power in International Law. In V. Bevanda (Ed.), ERAZ Conference – Knowlegde Based Sustainable Development: Vol 9. Conference Proceedings (pp. 543-548). Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans.


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